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Disruption of power supply

A rescuers’ family spent two weeks without power supply after a storm

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How to prepare for a power outage

  • Determine the impacts of a power failure in your home and consider the solutions that could be used to mitigate these.
  • If you depend on a centrally arranged service (central heating, natural gas, public water supply and sewerage, etc.), find out from the service providers, apartment association or local government where additional information can be obtained in case of disruptions (such as hotlines, etc.). Determine whether your household has any electrical equipment of critical importance that requires a separate backup power supply in the event of a power outage. Make it clear what capacity and solution is safe to use in your home (such as drinking water pump, heating device, power generator, solar panels, batteries, UPS, batteries, etc.).
    NOTE! A power generator cannot be used indoors, unless it is placed in a special room which has been equipped with proper ventilation. A power generator is suitable for use in a private residence and in an entire apartment building.
  • Stock up on light sources running on an accumulator or battery, a flashlight, storm lantern, kerosene lamp, candles and matches for your home. Store them in a place where you and your family members could find them even when it’s dark.
  • Stockpile enough supplies to allow you to cope independently for a week. Due to a long-term power outage, stores, pharmacies and gas stations could be closed. (See Chapter “Useful supplies and equipment at home”).
  • Read the recommendations by the Ministry of Rural Affairs on how to preserve food in a crisis situation. Search for the following keywords on the Internet “Ministry of Rural Affairs” and “crisis management”.

How to act in the event of a power outage

  • Switch off electrical equipment.
  • If the network operator has not informed you of the power outage, that it is aware of the outage, notify them of the power outage via the hotline 1343 or by telephoning the distribution network operator in your area.
  • Use alternative solutions for heating your home, getting water, preparing food and obtaining information.
  • To keep your food longer, abstain from opening the refrigerator and freezer without a reason.
  • Use alternative power sources (power generator, accumulator, batteries, etc.) sparingly and only in case of urgent need. This way you will prolong their useful life.
  • If you cannot cope independently at home in case of a power outage, go to your relatives or contact your local government for help.

Worth knowing

SOLUTIONS FOR A POWER OUTAGE

HEATING THE HOME
  • Oven, fireplace, gas fire
  • Power generator for feeding an electric heater
  • Other temporary housing
GETTING WATER
  • Power generator for the pumps of a bore well or dug well
  • Getting water from the well without electric water pumps, such as with a hand pump or a rope and bucket
  • Alternative source of water, such as a natural water body
  • Water reserve at home (monitor the expiry date)
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT
  • A radio independent of the power supply (batteries, dynamo or solar battery)
  • Car radio
  • Mobile phone and/or tablet with mobile Internet and a portable power bank
  • Direct communication with neighbours
PREPARING FOOD
  • LPG stove and gas cylinder
  • Wood-burning stove
  • Grill device, camping stove or gas burner used outside
  • Fondue pot or another candle-operated device
  • Fireplace
  • Food that does not require heating
HEATING WATER
  • LPG stove and gas cylinder
  • Wood-burning stove
  • Grill device, camping stove or gas burner used outside
  • Fondue pot or another candle-operated device
  • Fireplace
OPENING DOORS, GATES AND ELEVATORS
  • Mechanically opened doors and gates and keys for opening them
  • Instruction for exiting a stuck elevator have been placed inside the elevator
FORCED VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
  • Mechanically opened windows
  • Mechanically opened ventilation shaft
  • Ventilating the room by opening the doors
HOME SURVEILLANCE AND ALARM SYSTEMS
  • Uninterruptible power source (UPS-devices)
  • Autonomous smoke detector with a battery on at least on each floor

What to do in a crisis

Every state does whatever it can to prevent or respond to crisis situations. Still, help will not always reach all people quickly enough because some crises can affect a large part of the population and last for days or even weeks.

Until help arrives and services are resumed, your welfare and that of your loved ones will largely depend on your own preparedness.

The web page “Kriis.ee” contains tips on how to get prepared for various types of crisis situations and what to do if there actually is one.

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Siseministeerium ja Riigikantselei
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