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Disruption of water supply and sewerage service

The collapse of the sanitary sewer near Stroomi beach could have left a large part of Tallinn without water supply

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How to get prepared for the disruption of water supply and sewerage service

  • If you are dependent on the public water supply, find out through the service provider, apartment association or local government how the supply of water is guaranteed to inhabitants upon service disruption.
  • Determine what kinds of problems will arise in your home, if there is no water.
  • Determine the nearest possibilities for obtaining clean water (well, spring, etc.) and internal water bodies for getting other domestic water.
  • Determine where and how much water you can get at home in the event of a disruption (water boiler, toilet water tank).
  • Maintain a water reserve for one week at home, if you do not have any other option for getting clean water. You should count on 2 litres per person per day, and an additional reserve for cooking in the amount of 1 litre per person per day.
  • Get some wet wipes and hand sanitizer. If there are children, elderly or people with special needs in the family, also consider their needs when it comes to sanitary preparations.
  • Stockpile some water purification tablets or water filters.

How to act in the event of an unexpected disruption to the water supply or sewerage service

  • Use any available water sparingly. Think about which daily water consumption you can temporarily discontinue or reduce.
  • Let the water left in the pipes run from taps into containers.
  • Monitor official statements on supplying inhabitants with drinking water.
  • The water used for drinking, cooking and washing must be clean. Water taken from a natural water body or water that has been sitting for a longer period of time must be boiled before consumption for 3–5 minutes.
  • Water can also be cleaned with special water purification tablets.
  • Also take care of your personal hygiene on a daily basis during a water supply disruption by using a wash cloth or wet wipes. Brush your teeth, even if you cannot rinse your mouth with water.
  • In the event of disruptions to the operation of the sewerage system, the use of the sewerage system may be prohibited in order to avoid clogging. Use a slop bucket for waste and multilayered garbage bags in toilet. If possible, use an outhouse. The apartment association may order one jointly.

Worth knowing

SOLUTIONS FOR THE DISRUPTION OF WATER SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE SERVICE

ACCESS TO DRINKING WATER
  • Bore well, dug well (with bucket and rope)
  • Natural source
  • Boiler and toilet water tank
  • Supply of drinking water at home
  • Power generator for public water supply pumps or the pumps of a bore well or dug well
  • Pets can also be provided with rainwater or melt water
USING THE TOILET
  • Garbage bags using the toilet as an outhouse. (It is advisable to add newspapers, sawdust, peat or other absorbent material into the garbage bag.)
  • Outhouse located elsewhere
PREPARING FOOD
  • Reserve of ready-to-eat food at home for one week
  • Drinking water reserve for one week
  • Clean water from elsewhere (well, spring, boiler)
  • Purification of water (water obtained from a water body, rainwater or melt water) with water purification tablets
WASHING YOURSELF
  • Wet wipes
  • Hand sanitizer
WASHING THE DISHES
  • Disposable dishes

What to do in a crisis

Every state does whatever it can to prevent or respond to crisis situations. Still, help will not always reach all people quickly enough because some crises can affect a large part of the population and last for days or even weeks.

Until help arrives and services are resumed, your welfare and that of your loved ones will largely depend on your own preparedness.

The web page “Kriis.ee” contains tips on how to get prepared for various types of crisis situations and what to do if there actually is one.

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